Who is going to help Callum?

We have some exciting news! We have teamed up with the Environment Agency and sociologists at Lancaster University to create a brand new 360 experience. The new video will tell the story of Callum, a young boy whose house was flooded, using his own words, and seeing through his eyes.

Often the story of flood recovery is an untold one. Houses and streets underwater make good headlines but once the water has drained away, who is left to tell the story of those left behind to try and rebuild their lives? A recent survey of those impacted by flooding in Hull in 2007, conducted by the Energy and Environment Institute and commissioned by the Living with Water Partnership, highlighted the issues of flood recovery, finding that 90% of those affected suffered additional health and wellbeing impacts. A crucial way of improving this is to tell the stories of flood survivors.

Children and young people can be severely affected by flooding. They are seldom given the tools to know what to do in a flood or how to cope with being uprooted from their homes, schools, and friends for a long time. Researchers at Lancaster University developed creative workshops with flood-affected children to help them tell their stories.

In workshops run by sociologists at Lancaster University children created models showing the hard work of flood recovery.

One of those stories, Callum’s, is the basis of the new video. Working with developers Lampada Digital Solutions we will put you into Callum’s situation as he and his parents have to deal with flooding in their home. It will help you see the world through the eyes of a young person, helping you understand the unique difficulties children have to deal with, and help you sense the fears and loneliness they feel. Throughout the video we offer pauses for reflection and ask what would you do to help Callum in this situation.

The ability of 360 video to immerse you into a scene combined with a powerful true narrative we hope will spread Callum’s story far and wide – for example, our Inundation Street video has been viewed over 800,000 times in little over six months. We will also be using innovative technology to produce an interactive version to use with our Earth Arcade VR headsets.

Development of the Help Callum experience has started and is due to be completed in early September 2020. Keep an eye of the SeriousGeoGames and Lancaster Twitter accounts to keep up to date with the latest news.


New @EEIatHull Research – The impact of different rainfall products on landscape modelling simulations

Research led by Energy and Environment Institute Research Fellow, Chris Skinner, has recently been published in the journal Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. The research, featuring an international team from Hull, Bristol, and Zurich, showed how different methods of measuring rainfall can lead to different predictions of landscape change in computer models.

Rainfall is a slippery thing. For those of us in the UK, we are very much aware that it can be raining one minute and then sunny the next, or it can be raining over your house but not over your friend’s house just a few streets away. This makes it a difficult thing to measure accurately and consequently meteorologists use several methods to try and do so.

The simplest way is to use a rain gauge. There are many different designs but, essentially, they are mostly all glorified buckets that fill with water as it rains, although some do take different approaches. They generally give us a good idea of how much rain has fallen at that spot between the times readings are taken. By automating the readings we can get a good idea of how the rainfall rate has changed over time.

Rain gauges cannot tell us how much rain has fallen outside the bucket. This is generally ok if you are still close to the bucket but the further away you get, the more of a problem this becomes. By using lots of rain gauges we can get a better idea of how the rainfall is varying across an area and we can use geostatistics to try and fill the gaps. However, the results will be different depending on the geostatistical method you decide to use.

Weather radar on the other hand is able to tell us the relative intensity of rainfall over an area. The radar sends out signals that are bounced back to it by rain and depending on the timing and strength of that signal we can tell where it is raining, and the areas it is heaviest. It does not directly measure the rain though and it needs calibrating against a reference point. This calibration may be less accurate as you move away from the reference point or if conditions change over time.

The consequence of this is the availability of different methods to measure rainfall, the results of which we call products. Each product will be different in its estimation of where, when, and how much rain has fallen and with many computer models of rivers relying on a measurement of rainfall as an input, the choice of product can have a big influence on the results from the model.

Landscape evolution models (LEMs) are designed to model changes to the Earth’s surface, usually over large areas and long time periods (at least one hundred years). Some of these models have become sophisticated and fast enough they can be used to explore more local and shorter-term changes. They need to use a rainfall product to run yet only rarely does a product exist that has a record long enough to cover the time scales simulated. Instead, we can use weather generators that take the characteristics of rain as recorded by a product to create long records of rainfall that are possible and likely based on the data.

Graphical abstract from Skinner et al (2020). The chart shows the changing pattern of erosion and deposition from the channel head to the catchment outlet after 1500 years of computer model simulation. The different colours represent the results using the different rainfall products. The records that produced the most change were based on longer records that contain heavier rainfall events.

In newly published led by EEI Research Fellow, Chris Skinner, a weather generator was used to produce long rainfall records based on different rainfall products, as well as a combination of information taken from each product. These synthetic records of rainfall were used to run a landscape evolution model for periods of 50 and 1500 years, finding that the patterns of erosion and deposition varied along a river depending on which product was initially used.

Due to the relationship between river flows and the movement of sediment in rivers, something known as the geomorphic multiplier, a small increase in river flow can result in a large increase in the amount of material eroded and transported by the river. This makes models of erosion and deposition extremely sensitive to changes in rainfall and consequently, the initial choice of rainfall product used can have a big influence on the model results.

As these modelling approaches are increasingly used to help understand the impacts of climate change or to help predict flood risk, understanding how the choice of rainfall product can impact results is crucial and needs to be properly managed by modellers.

You can read the full article here.

Playing Crabby’s Reef using bananas!

Last week we launched our new game, Crabby’s Reef, in time for World Ocean’s Day. Since then it has been played hundreds of times through our website, yet still no one has managed to beat my top score!

For an extra fun way to play the game, you can actually use bananas instead of your keyboard buttons. Yes, you read that right, you can play using bananas!

It is quite appropriate, as everyone knows Bananaman is the greatest superhero.

All you need is a Makey-Makey and some bananas* – hook everything up making sure you remember which banana controls what, and off you go.

Show us your attempts on Twitter and let us know if you get on the Leader’s Board!

Chris

SeriousGeoGames at #shareEGU20

The annual General Assembly of the European Geoscience Union, or EGU, sadly is not meeting in Vienna this year. However, the organisers have pulled off no less than a miracle, transferring a conference of ~16,000 people to 100% online in less than five weeks. It’s an amazing feat, and surely will help reduce the carbon footprint, and democratise, the sharing of the science in the future. The conference started this week and is free to attend – check out the website for more.

The SeriousGeoGames Lab is involved in a number of presentations and activities across the week, and I just want to highlight some of these here.

First, the Geoscience Games Night is back in an online format on Wednesday 6th May, 16:15 CEST (15:15 in the UK). Last year we had over 300 people attend the physical event so hopefully many will tune in to watch the crew play games together online and chat about geoscience, games, and where they intersect. Find out more here.

The Games for Geoscience science session is scheduled for a chat on Thursday May 7, starting at 18:15 CEST (17:15 in the UK). You can view and comment on the display materials now, until the end of May. Find out how researchers are using games to aid and share their work.

Research featuring members of the Energy and Environment Institute is being shared across the week. All these displays are open for comments outside of the chat sessions right up until the end of May, so don’t worry if you’ve missed them –

Blame it on the Weatherman: How critical is rainfall to geomorphology?

EGU2020-13216 | Displays | GM5.1/HS13.18/SSP3.15 | Highlight 

Chris Skinner, Nadav Peleg, Tom Coulthard, and Peter Molnar
Mon, 04 May, 08:30–10:15 | D1167

Resilience – Combining Sci-Art and card games for more effective public engagement

EGU2020-9987 | Displays | EOS4.2   

Kelly Stanford and Chris Skinner
Thu, 07 May, 16:15–18:00 | D3533

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Hydro-geomorphological response to changes in the spatial structure of extreme rainfall in a warmer world

EGU2020-1563 | Displays | HS4.1/NH1.8  

Nadav Peleg, Chris Skinner, Simone Fatichi, and Peter Molnar
Wed, 06 May, 16:15–18:00 | D118

Earth Arcade’s The Forest: Scenographic engagement spaces

EGU2020-13264 | Displays | EOS4.4  

Christopher Skinner, Amy Skinner, and Cat Fergusson Baugh
Thu, 07 May, 14:00–15:45 | D3554

 

Learn from home – modelling sea level rise and flooding video

We hope you are all keeping yourselves as safe as possible during the current period. We are very much missing being out and about and sharing our games and activities with everyone. To help share some of our work, Chris will be making short video tutorials and the first revisits the very beginnings of the SeriousGeoGames Lab and how we model the impacts sea level rise will have on flood risk.

The model used by Chris in the video is the Beta version of Humber in a Box (our first virtual reality activity) as used at Hull SciFest in 2014. The model code and data from this model were used by the developers to build into Unity-3D and add the beautiful, immersive, graphics. Sadly, Humber in a Box can no longer be used but you can get an idea of what it was like in the video below.

To go alongside the new tutorial, we are making the files for Humber in a Box Beta available so you can try it at home. It should run reasonably well on any modern PC. For a guide on how to get it running, skip to 10 minutes through the tutorial. Files can be downloaded from here.

Don’t forget to check out our previous post on how to use Flash Flood! from home too.

Enjoy and stay safe!

Try Flash Flood! at home

We find ourselves in difficult and testing times. We would love to be out there and sharing our games and virtual reality simulations with everyone but we at home doing the right thing. But, that doesn’t mean we cannot share some of games with you and we’ll be sharing these as we can.

Flash Flood

Flash Flood! has been our flagship activity for many years and has seen several iterations. There are several ways you can enjoy it from home, the easiest being the 360 videos available on YouTube. These can be viewed on a Desktop, where you can navigate the direction of view using your mouse, but are best viewed on a Tablet or Phone (via the YouTube app NOT a browser) where you can change the direction of view by moving your device.

There are two versions. One with narration to guide you through –

And one with just sound effects intended for use in classes where someone will guide the group –

If you’re viewing on a phone and have a cardboard headset, click the google icon on the screen and place your phone into the headset for a VR-like experience.

Obviously, the best way to experience Flash Flood! is to play it. You can do this too by downloading the Desktop version. This was designed to work on a reasonably low spec of PC and can be operated with either an XBOX controller or just a keyboard and mouse.

Download the files from SourceForge here. If you have an XBOX controller choose FlashFloodDesktopInstall.exe and FlashFloodDesktopNoRadialsInstall.exe if you do not. Controls can be found in the Flash Flood Quick Start and Controls PDF document.

Whichever method you choose, the Living Manual (also in SourceForge) provides some background information, guidance for using it, and advice for using it in teaching. This document has not been updated for a while and we will be reviewing it in the next few days. We welcome submission of ideas of how to use these simulations to include in the Living Manual, if you’d like to contribute please contact us at seriousgeogames at hull dot ac dot uk.

We’d also love to hear your suggestions for content you’d like to see from us, feel free to ask and we’ll try our best. Keep yourselves safe and happy.

Chris Skinner

AGU Games for Geoscience #Games4Geo

The Games for Geoscience sessions have been a huge success for the last two years at the European Geoscience Union General Assembly, with packed out science sessions and awesome Geoscience Games Nights. Don’t believe me, then check out this EGU blog on the 2019 EGU Games Day. This year we’ve decided to share this awesomeness across the pond and are bringing the Games for Gesocience sessions to the American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting for the first time.

Although I won’t be there, Sam Illingworth and Rolf Hut will be, and they’ll be joined by Erin Robinson. Our two invited speakers are Judy Twedt and Isaac Kerlow. Here’s the programme –

Just like at the EGU, the Geoscience Games Night is community led and relies on people bringing their own games to play and share, so we really encourage you to do this – especially if they help us learn about and understand geoscience and environmental issues! We can help you publicise your games too, just drop me a message.

Hope you all have fun in San Francisco and make sure you share your thoughts, and photos, using #Games4Geo so I can follow along from home. Oh, and don’t forget, the call for abstracts for Season 3 of Games for Geoscience EGU is now open.

Chris

 

Games, Games, Games at #EGU19

(Cover photo by Rolf Hut)

Phew, that’s another General Assembly of the European Geoscience Union (EGU) done. What an astonishingly busy week of sharing science, networking, catching up with colleagues from all over the world, and gorging ourselves on kasekrainer. In total there were 16,273 people at the meeting in Vienna, with 683 unique science sessions.

One of those science sessions was our Games for Geoscience session, convened by myself (Chris Skinner), Sam Illingworth, Rolf Hut, Liz Lewis, and Jaz Scarlett. After the success of the first one in 2018 we were worried about the ‘difficult second album’ syndrome but our fears were unfounded as this year’s session was even bigger and even better.

This year we started with our poster session and again it was busy and more interactive than the usual poster session. A poster session involves researchers producing a poster detailing their work and pinning it up on a board – during the day a couple of hours is set aside where they stand next to their poster and people can discuss the work with them. The Games for Geoscience session also involves sharing elements of games too, for example I had a poster about the Earth Arcade and also had a VR set with Flash Flood! Vol 2. being demoed.

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After the posters was the oral session – these are talks where we had 6 presenters each with a 12 minute talk and a few minutes for questions. The room we were in quickly filled up and latecomers had to stand! The quality of the research was extraordinarily high, showing that when it comes to geoscience, games are a serious business.

(Photos by Josh Ahmed and Sam Illingworth)

As Sam guided the crowd through the games submitted to the Geoscience Games Night, Liz, Rolf, and myself ran down to basement to set up the area for games which included Rolf rather abruptly turfing people out of the area! Remarkably we turned this around in less than 15 minutes and soon around 300-400 geoscientists descended for two hours of gaming – we ran out of tables quickly and games were played on the floor! It was incredible.

(Photos by Annie Ockelford, Chris Skinner, Rolf Hut, and Sam Illingworth)

I was testing a card game I’m developing called Resilience – it’s has little bit of complexity so isn’t suited for this type of event so needed a lot of explaining – and I am indebted to Hannah Williams for running Flash Flood! Vol 2. demos for two hours solid – Thank you Hannah! At the end of this blog is a list of all the games – if I’ve missed any, let me know and I will add them in!

(Photos by Simon Dixon and Sam Illingworth)

These sessions were not the full extent of games at EGU 19 though. The Earth Observatory of Singapore were showing their utterly brilliant Earth Girl: Volcano game, and its inspirational creator Isaac Kerlow presented on the work behind it in the Science and Art session. In another session, Laura Hobbs showed how the best in gaming and the best in museum curatorship were being combined to produce the Virtual Natural History Museum. I’m sure there was even more that I missed completely.

One of the things I hope to achieve through the Games for Geoscience sessions is to close the circle between games and research. I think games are seen as a useful tool for sharing research but I think they can also be used to drive and inspire research, and I was pleased to see a couple of examples of this at the meeting. One of last year’s presenters, Onno Bokhove, who built the awesome Wetropolis shared in a Hydrology session how the activity led to a method they used to calculate flood excess volumes to assess the cost effectiveness of Natural Flood Management schemes. Rolf Hut shared a methodology for assessing public and researcher perceptions of ‘jargon’ related to rivers and flooding, a methodology previously used at last year’s session with Zelda: Breath of the Wild – read that research here!

So that’s it for the EGU Games for Geoscience sessions this year. If you came along, thank you so very much. Next year we will be back, bigger and better still, but first we have our eyes on conquering America.

Chris

If you are interested in being part of the Geoscience Gaming community, please follow @GeoSciGames on Twitter – we hope to make this into a full international network in the near future.

If available, click on an image to find out more about the games –

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EGU Games Night 2019 - Call for Water

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International Geoscience Games Day 2019 at #EGU19 @EuroGeosciences

Wednesday 10th of April will be the 2019 International Games Day (as we’re calling it, anyway) at the General Assembly of the European Geoscience Union, to be held in Vienna, Austria.

The schedule includes a full scientific programme, starting with the poster session at 2pm in Hall X4, and then the oral presentations in Room L8 at 4.15pm. Straight afterwards we head to Foyer D for the Geoscience Games Night.

Wednesday 10th April

14:00-16:00Games for Geoscience PostersHall X4

16:15-18:00Games for Geoscience OralsRoom L8

18:00-20:00Geoscience Games NightFoyer D

We are still accepting games to play during the Games Night – this is perfect opportunity to showcase a game you have, get some play testing in for games in development, or even share games that you enjoy. Only rule, they need to have some (however loose) connection to geoscience!
Confirmed games so far include –
  • Flash Flood! Vol.2 – VR flood simulation
  • HEAT – Card game for communicating climate change
  • Breath of the Wild – AAA Zelda game with stunning landscapes to explore
  • Resilience – Prototype flood defence card game
  • Druids & Defences – Flood themed Dungeons & Dragons
  • Wanted: Head of the Centre for Flood Forecasts – The IMPREX Serious Game
  • Rivers Top Trump – Official Top Trumps game with a rivery twist
  • The Drift Game – Where do things come from? Where do they drift?
  • 509,084 drops in 114 days – Discover rainfall features and collect maximum drops
  • Call for Water – A serious game on the role of forecast uncertainty and reliability in
    risk-based decision-making
  • Hazagora: will you survive the next disaster? – Building a resilient community in a natural hazards prone area

If you would like you game adding to the list, please email Chris Skinner (c dot skinner at hull dot ac dot uk).

Check out our 360 tour of last year’s Games Night to see what to expect. See you in Vienna!

It’s #GameOn for #EarthArcade at the @LivingWithH20 Hull-timate Challenge

It is with immense excitement that we can reveal that the Energy and Environment Institute (EEI) will be sponsoring the Humbergeddon “take-off” slide at the Hull-timate Challenge obstacle course.

EEI Banner

The 10k route will snake its way through Hull City Centre on the 19th-21st October 2018, punctuated by 30 immense and challenging obstacles. Competitors will have to prove their resilience in order to complete the grueling circuit.

And resilience really is the theme of the event as it has been organised by the Living With Water project, which brings together partners from Yorkshire Water, Hull City Council, East Riding Of Yorkshire Council, the Environment Agency, to help increase people’s awareness and ability to cope with future flooding.

Earth Arcade Banner

They’ve also been looking at wider environmental issues, such as plastic pollution, which means that EEI and Living With Water have been friends from the off, and it’s only right we support this awesome event.

As well as sponsoring Humbergeddon, we’ll also be bringing the Earth Arcade to the Resilience Fair in Queen’s Gardens, showing off River in a Box and Flash Flood! Vol 2.

Read the University of Hull Press Release here.